Question: Why Is Anaphase The Shortest Phase?

Who discovered cell?

scientist Robert HookeInterested in learning more about the microscopic world, scientist Robert Hooke improved the design of the existing compound microscope in 1665.

His microscope used three lenses and a stage light, which illuminated and enlarged the specimens..

What stimulates a cell to divide?

Proto-oncogenes (unmutated oncogenes) stimulate cell division in a regulated manner. Proto-oncogenes include growth factors, growth factor receptors, and cyclins. Oncogenes are mutated forms of these genes that result in unregulated stimulation of cell division. Tumor suppressor genes prevent cell division.

What is the resting phase in the cell cycle?

The three main phases of a single cell cycle are: interphase, nuclear division and cytoplasmic division. Originally this phase of the cell cycle was called the “resting stage”, since light microscopy could not detect any activities taking place within the cells.

Do normal cells divide indefinitely?

All normal cells (aside from stem cells) have a limited ability to divide. Cancer cells do not undergo senescence, instead, they are capable of dividing indefinitely. Cells which can divide indefinitely are termed immortal. Outside of cell biology, senescence refers to the aging process.

Which is the shortest phase of Karyokinesis?

Learn Anaphase – The Third Phase of Karyokinesis in 3 minutes.Mitosis is the simple duplication of somatic (body) cells in an organism.Mitosis occurs in a cell through two major stages: karyokinesis and cytokinesis.Many changes occur in the cell during the prophase and metaphase of karyokinesis.Anaphase is the third and the shortest stage of karyokinesis.Revision.The END.More items…

Why is calling interphase a resting phase inappropriate?

Answer and Explanation: It would be inappropriate to call interphase as the resting phase because, in this phase, metabolic activity at the molecular level occurs.

Is metaphase the longest stage of mitosis?

Metaphase is the longest stage of mitosis. The third stage of mitosis is anaphase. During it, chromatids of each chromosome are separated from each other and move to different poles due to pulling filaments. Now microtubules are not built up, they are disassembled.

Is anaphase the shortest phase of mitosis?

In anaphase, the shortest stage of mitosis, the sister chromatids break apart, and the chromosomes begin moving to opposite ends of the cell. By the end of anaphase, the 2 halves of the cell have an equivalent collection of chromosomes.

Is metaphase the shortest phase?

Anaphase is the shortest phase of mitosis. In anaphase, the sister chromatids are pulled apart to opposite ends of the cell. In metaphase, chromosomes line up along the metaphase plate. Metaphase takes a short amount of time to complete.

Which is the shortest cell?

MycoplasmaCells are of different shapes and sizes. Different shapes and sizes are due to different functions performed by different cells. The smallest cell is Mycoplasma (PPLO-Pleuro pneumonia like organims).

Which cell cycle is the longest?

InterphaseInterphase is the longest part of the cell cycle. This is when the cell grows and copies its DNA before moving into mitosis. During mitosis, chromosomes will align, separate, and move into new daughter cells. The prefix inter- means between, so interphase takes place between one mitotic (M) phase and the next.

Which is the longest phase of mitosis?

prophaseThe first and longest phase of mitosis is prophase. During prophase, chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope (the membrane surrounding the nucleus) breaks down.

What is the shortest phase of the cell cycle?

The shortest stage of the cell cycle is called cytokinesis (division of the cytoplasm). In cytokinesis, the cytoplasm and its organelles divide into two daughter cells.

What part of Interphase is the longest?

G1G1 is longest, S is longer the G2. and Mitosis is very short.

Is interphase a resting stage?

Interphase is the ‘daily living’ or metabolic phase of the cell, in which the cell obtains nutrients and metabolizes them, grows, reads its DNA, and conducts other “normal” cell functions. This phase was formerly called the resting phase. … In interphase, the cell gets itself ready for mitosis or meiosis.